Do you have knowledge of about “Euthanasia”?
Euthanasia or mercy killing, define as to finish someone’s life after taking consent from his family and himself to end his pain and miseries.
The graph of regulation of euthanasia fluctuates between one nation to another. In United Kingdom it is considered illegal under their law whereas Belgium and Netherlands considered it as an appeal from patient to put an end to their painful sufferings. However the law of Netherlands concludes it under the broader definition of assisted suicide and finishing one’s life on plea. In the United States of America the progression of legalization is different from one state to another but the concept is still non-existent like Pakistan, Nigeria and Saudia Arabia.
Classes of euthanasia:
On the basis of consent, the word Euthanasia is categorized in the following:
Voluntary: Voluntary euthanasia is permissible in countries like Switzerland, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium and states of Oregon and Washington in United States of America. It is functional after acquiring consent from the patient.
Involuntary: It is performed on a patient who is unable to give approval or against patient and family will is named as murder or Involuntary.
Non-Voluntary: If euthanasia is performed after the approval from family or any other loved one because patient is not capable to give permission, comes below the direction of Non-Voluntary.
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Depending on the course of action it is classified into two:
Passive euthanasia: When the health of a patient deteriorates most of treatments are put on hold and eventually ask by family to let them die. This is categorized as Passive.
Active euthanasia: When a patient is brought on death by a blunder of health professionals it is termed as Active euthanasia.
The difference between assisted suicide and euthanasia:
Assisted suicide, term discussed as physician assisted suicide is to deliver assistance to a person who wants to take his own life by health professionals. There is line draw between these two terms because of moral distinction. The law agencies consider assisted suicide as a crime whereas it is under the debate of moral and ethical issues.
Pakistan’s take on euthanasia:
To evaluate the concept of euthanasia, a survey was conducted at Civil Hospital and Dow Medical College, Karachi where students and medical practioners filled out a questionnaire. The result concluded that 15.4% professionals favored the idea of legalization of it whereas 10.4% students opposed it and termed it as an unethical act.
Another study was executed among medical students belonging from both public and private sector, which concluded that 14.2 % students were sharing the similar idea whereas 22% did not know if they would practice it or not in future.